Pain rhymes with sprain.

pain(痛み)
ˈpān
sprain(捻挫する、くじく)
ˈsprān

Deep rhymes with steep.

deep(深い)
ˈdēp
steep(険しい)
ˈstēp

Aloe rhymes with shallow.

aloe(アロエ)
ˈa-lō
shallow(浅い)
ˈsha-lō